Fort Gibson, in operation from 1824 to 1890, was the first army post in Indian Territory. This historic site encompasses 80 acres of grounds with 29 historic buildings and numerous archaeological ruins. Exhibits and living history programs relate to Indian Territory settlement and the fort's development through its 70 years of occupation. A National Historic Landmark, official National Trail of Tears Site and a designated "American Treasure," Fort Gibson features a museum, visitors center, book shop and numerous period rooms.
Along with its distinct relationship to Native American history, Fort Gibson also has a unique place in African-American history. From 1867 to 1873, buffalo soldiers served intermittently at Fort Gibson. Eventually, the outpost became the headquarters for the all-black Tenth Calvary. The fort's fascinating and diverse history illuminates Oklahoma's complex past.